OUT NOW: Deep Cuts Issue Brief #15 on points of convergence between the TPNW and the NPT

The TPNW and the NPT

On October 24, 2020, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) reached the 50th ratification needed for it to become legally binding. The treaty will enter into force after 90 days on January 22, 2021, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations will convene a first meeting of states parties within one year. Also in 2021, states parties to the Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) are scheduled to meet for the 10th Review Conference which was postponed from May 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Both meetings will tackle the crisis in nuclear disarmament and arms control – but from different angles. This paper looks at possible convergences between the NPT and the TPNW: How can the international community ensure complementarity between the two treaties? How can states parties to the NPT and the TPNW jointly advance nuclear disarmament, to their mutual benefit? And how could such cooperation be constructively reflected in the outcome of the 10th NPT Review Conference?

Read the latest Deep Cuts Issue Brief by Lina-Marieke Hilgert, Angela Kane, Anastasia Malygina here

Getting Back into Nuclear Arms Control and Nonproliferation

The nuclear arms control field has been in difficult shape in recent years. A series of treaties and agreements have ended with the prospect for new ones slim. The State Department’s institutional capacity has dimmed, as well, particularly as far as Foreign Service ranks are concerned. But the salience of the nuclear challenge has not lessened. Despite drawdowns of some 85 % in U.S. and Russian nuclear arsenals from their historic highs, the two countries still maintain some 90 % of the world’s nuclear weapons whose use would end life as we know it. While China’s nuclear arsenal is vastly smaller, it is by no means decreasing. The North Korean nuclear challenge is as real as ever. The U.S. decision to abandon the Iran nuclear deal has gravely shortened the time in which Iran could mount a nuclear weapons breakout. Nuclear-armed India and Pakistan continue to be at loggerheads. Read Deep Cuts Commissioner Laura Kennedy's analysis of how to move forward regarding nuclear arms control and non-proliferation challenges here

Policy Recommendations for the New U.S. Administration

In the latest Arms Control Today, the monthly journal on nonproliferation and global security by the Arms Control Association, experts advise the new U.S. President Joe Biden on arms control and international security. Among others, Deep Cuts Commissioners Steven Pifer and Andy Weber gave their input. Read more here

Biden’s First Challenge: Extend New START

U.S. President Donald Trump and his team failed to resolve a dispute over Russian noncompliance with the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty and bungled talks to extend the last remaining U.S.-Russian nuclear arms control agreement, the 2010 New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), which is due to expire February 5, 2021. As a result, the top foreign policy priority of President Joe Biden, once he is sworn in, must be to dispatch a senior representative to reach agreement with Russia on a clean, five-year extension of the treaty and begin follow-on nuclear disarmament talks on the backlog of issues the two sides have failed to resolve since New START was concluded. Read the latest article on this matter by Deep Cuts Commissioner Daryl G. Kimball here

Atomwaffenverbotsvertrag kann neue Abrüstungsimpulse geben

In German only

Am 22. Januar tritt der Atomwaffenverbotsvertrag in Kraft. Deep Cuts Commissioner Oliver Meier erklärt im Interview mit Streitkräfte und Strategien, dass hierin auch eine Chance für die Wiederbelebung der Diskussionen um nukleare Abrüstung und Rüstungskontrolle liegt und warum Deutschland an der Vertragsstaatenkonferenz als Beobachter teilnehmen sollte. Das vollständige Interview finden Sie hier

Strengthening the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and its Verification Regime

The Vienna Center for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation will hold a virtual high-level event on strengthening the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and its verification regime on January 28, 2021.The event will include two panel discussions and highlight the importance of the CTBT to national and international security as well as the non-proliferation regime and linkages between the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and the CTBT. Among others, Deep Cuts Commissioners Angela Kane and Daryl Kimball will participate as speakers in this event. Registration is open here

Back to the Future? The New Missile Crisis

Many developments over the last years have led some to caution that the world is experiencing "the end of the history of nuclear arms control." After the end of the INF Treaty, the United States and its Allies in Europe and East Asia face a choice of what to do to enhance security: give arms control another chance or provide the ground for another missile buildup. In his latest essay for the volume "The INF Treaty of 1987. A Reappraisal", Deep Cuts Commissioner Ulrich Kühn recounts the history of the INF Treaty from the latter days of détente to the current developments after the end of INF. It explains why the current post-INF environment is highly problematic for European security, and what the way forward - reviving arms control or re-entering an arms race - might look like. Read the full essay here

Russian Analytical Digest

Deep Cuts Commissioners Ulrich Kühn and Oliver Meier, among others, contributed to the latest Russian Analytical Digest with analysis on arms control and strategic stability. Read the full issue here