YDCC: Revitalizing U.S.-Russia Arms Control: An Integrated Approach

This paper presents an integrated approach to advance the U.S.-Russian arms control agenda through building on the bilateral strategic stability dialogue. It also suggests to move towards global nuclear risk reduction through utilizing the P5 process and engaging NATO.


The United States and Russia should address mutual concerns in the Strategic Stability Dialogue and create the foundation for a follow-on to New START. Both sides should also consider flexible approaches to arms control, including deeper cuts to existing arsenals via executive agreements. They further call on nuclear weapon states to establish permanent working groups and a standing track 1.5 dialogue on risk reduction within the P5 process, facilitate U.S. and Chinese ratification of the CTBT and collectively reaffirm existing moratoria on nuclear testing. Lastly, NATO can play a crucial role by reforming its dual-track strategy to reduce reliance on nuclear weapons and rebalancing (nuclear) deterrence in favor of arms control. It should also begin negotiations with Russia on an achievable legal agreement on the non-deployment of INF-range missiles.


  • Vladislav Chernavskikh

    is a Research Assistant at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Previously, he was a Research Associate at the Center for Energy and Security Studies (CENESS) where his worked focused on issues of regional nuclear nonproliferation and Russia-U.S nuclear relationship. Vladislav holds a dual master’s degree in WMD Nonproliferation, Nuclear Policy and Global Security from MGIMO University and Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey.

  • Patricia Jaworek

    Patricia Jaworek is a Program Officer in the Global Nuclear Policy Program at the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) in Washington, DC. She supports NTI’s efforts to reduce global nuclear risks, focusing on disarmament, arms control, and Euro-Atlantic security. She holds a joint master’s degree in Transatlantic Affairs from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and the College of Europe and a law degree from the University of Hamburg with a focus on European and public international law. Jaworek is a member of the Younger Generation Leaders Network on Euro-
    Atlantic Security (YGLN).

  • Jarret Fisher

    Jarret Fisher completed a graduate degree at Johns Hopkins SAIS, and previously earned a bachelor's and MBA from DePaul in Chicago. She received the United Nations Scholarship for Peace and Security, which brought her to Vienna for training on “Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation.”