This paper presents an integrated approach to advance the U.S.-Russian arms control agenda through building on the bilateral strategic stability dialogue. It also suggests to move towards global nuclear risk reduction through utilizing the P5 process and engaging NATO.
The authors argue that the United States and Russia should address mutual concerns in the Strategic Stability Dialogue and create the foundation for a follow-on to New START. Both sides should also consider flexible approaches to arms control, including deeper cuts to existing arsenals via executive agreements. They further call on nuclear weapon states to establish permanent working groups and a standing track 1.5 dialogue on risk reduction within the P5 process, facilitate U.S. and Chinese ratification of the CTBT and collectively reaffirm existing moratoria on nuclear testing. Lastly, NATO can play a crucial role by reforming its dual-track strategy to reduce reliance on nuclear weapons and rebalancing (nuclear) deterrence in favor of arms control. It should also begin negotiations with Russia on an achievable legal agreement on the non-deployment of INF-range missiles.
About the authors
Vladislav Chernavskikh is a Research Associate at the Center for Energy and Security Studies (CENESS). Previously he was a Graduate Research Assistant at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies and an intern at the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs.
Jarret Fisher is completing a graduate degree at Johns Hopkins SAIS, and previously earned a bachelor's and MBA from DePaul in Chicago. She received the United Nations Scholarship for Peace and Security, which brought her to Vienna for training on “Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation.”
Patricia Jaworek is a Consultant for Global Nuclear Policy and Scientific & Technical Affairs at the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI). She was previously a Research Assistant at the NATO Parliamentary Assembly and is a member of the Younger Generation Leaders Network on Euro-Atlantic Security.