Four years after the outbreak of the crisis in the Ukraine, a new and dangerous frost period continues to develop between NATO and Russia. It noticeably contains elements of the Cold War. Both conventional and nuclear arms control do not seem to fulfil their purpose of building confidence and limiting armament any longer, but are facing an enduring, structural crisis. Instead of relying on the regulatory tools of cooperative security, Europe as well as the international community seem to be at the brink of a new conventional and nuclear arms race. The termination of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty is only the next act of the erosion of the arms control platform, which could end in the collapse of the bipolar nuclear arms control agenda.

Throughout the current sixth phase of the Challenges to Deep Cuts Project, the work of the Commission will be closely oriented towards the day-to-day political developments of the international arms control crisis and thus be able to react to new developments in a timely manner. The focus will be on the INF Treaty and possible options after its demise, the extension of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START), European security architecture including conventional arms control, nuclear modernization programs, and the future of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) with a view to the 2020 Review Conference. The Deep Cuts Project will publish various Working Papers and Issue Briefs on these matters.

In addition, the Deep Cuts Commission will not only hold meetings in Washington, D.C. and participate in the Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference 2019, but also carry out side events both at the 2019 NPT Preparatory Committee and at the 2020 NPT Review Conference, and organize panel discussions in Berlin, Brussels, and Moscow.