War & Peace Podcast: The Future of NATO

The geopolitical landscape has transformed dramatically since NATO was established in 1949. As a transatlantic alliance that seeks to safeguard democratic values and the rule of law, how well has it adapted through the years and what should its priorities be going forward? Former NATO Deputy Secretary-General Rose Gottemoeller joins Deep Cuts Commissioner Olga Oliker and Hugh Pope to share her thoughts on the challenges of rebuilding the transatlantic relationship, responding to emerging threats outside of NATO’s traditional mandate, and preserving its core principles in an ever-changing world. Listen to the full episode here

Getting P5 strategic risk reduction right: What NATO non-nuclear-weapon states seek from nuclear-weapon states

Substantive new strategic risk reduction measures are an important means of improving strategic stability if they lower the dangers of the unintended use of nuclear weapons. The five nuclear-weapon states recognised by the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) (China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States; the P5) also regard such steps as genuine progress toward the fulfilment of their nuclear disarmament obligations under Article VI of the NPT. Many non-nuclear-weapon states outside of military alliances with nuclear-weapon states, such as the states of the Non-Aligned Movement, perceive strategic risk reduction as a modest contribution to nuclear disarmament. To be sure, they, too, would like to see nuclear risks reduced but they are concerned that nuclear-weapon states may emphasise strategic risk reduction as a way of deflecting pressure from reducing the number and role of nuclear weapons. Read the latest commentary on these matters by Deep Cuts Commissioner Oliver Meier and Maximilian Hoell here

The looming US withdrawal from the Open Skies Treaty

The Trump administration’s antipathy toward arms control will strike again on November 22, when the United States withdraws from the Open Skies Treaty. That is a mistake. While Russia has violated the treaty, the United States has reciprocated. NATO allies support the treaty - which focuses first and foremost on enhancing European security - and wish the United States to remain a party. Whether the treaty can continue following the American departure remains to be seen and will depend on what Russia does. When it takes office, the Biden administration should consider reentering the agreement, though that may require some creative international lawyering. Read the latest article by Deep Cuts Commissioner Steven Pifer on a possible way ahead here

Four steps Biden must take to reset the nuclear agenda

While the danger of nuclear weapons was rarely mentioned on the U.S. presidential campaign trail, the nuclear weapons policy approaches of the two candidates stood in stark contrast. In the end, the American public rejected a president - one who made both casual and overt threats of nuclear war and repeatedly referred to the most destructive force ever created by humankind as “the nuclear” - for a candidate who agrees with former President Ronald Reagan’s assertion that a nuclear war can never be won, and so must never be fought. Read the latest article on this matter by Deep Cuts Commissioner Alexandra Bell here

Press the Button podcast with Steven Pifer

The latest episode of Press the Button gives a unique look at what is possible for future nuclear policy, and how the nuclear policy field should respond in the face of weakened arms control agreements, increased nuclear arsenal modernization, and a new presidential administration in the United States. Deep Cuts Commissioner Steven Pifer discusses on what the incoming Joe Biden administration can do to reduce nuclear threats when in office. Listen here

Yes, we can? Europe responds to the crisis of multilateral arms control

Over the last four years, Europeans have been facing the fundamental challenge of Russia and the United States turning away from, or even against, arms control. In response, Europe has begun to find its voice, indicating that it is ready to stand up to those great powers dismantling multilateral instruments. In his latest policy brief for the ELN, Deep Cuts Commissioner Oliver Meier considers how Europeans might turn existing, stopgap responses into a long-term strategy to strengthen multilateral arms control instruments. He analyses four elements that currently missing but needed to achieve this goal. Read the full paper here

Perceptions in the Euro-Atlantic

Nuclear risk reduction efforts in the Euro-Atlantic should begin with the Russian Federation and the United States ensuring they retain what is left of nuclear arms control and transparency. Activities to increase transparency and verification, even absent specific treaties, are possible and essential to reducing risk perception asymmetries and could create a modicum of trust needed for more ambitious cooperative undertakings. Sustained efforts to address risks inherent to military accidents and to better understand one another’s nuclear doctrines constitute necessary means of trust-building, especially in the context of the strategic competition between the Russian Federation and the United States. Read Deep Cuts Commissioner Ulrich Kühn's latest publication on these matters here

Recording of Briefing on Rethinking Nuclear Arms Control

One day after the U.S. Presidential elections, the Deep Cuts Project held a briefing together with Rose Gottemoeller, Frank E. and Arthur W. Payne Distinguished Lecturer at Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute. She presented her recommendations on how to move forward in the realm of nuclear arms control, based on her recent article Rethinking Nuclear Arms Control in the Washington Quarterly.

Deep Cuts Commissioners Andrei Zagorski, Head of the Department of Disarmament and Conflict Resolution at IMEMO, and Götz Neuneck, Senior Research Fellow at the IFSH, commented on the proposals, followed by Q&A. Moderated by Oliver Meier, Senior Researcher at the IFSH Berlin office.

Watch the full briefing here