Increasing Nuclear Threats through Strategic Missile Defense

Growing concerns about third-country nuclear threats led the United States to withdraw from the ABM Treaty’s constraints on the size and scope of ballistic missile defense arsenals in 2002. Inaccurate and alarmist projections of “rogue state” ICBM threats were critical in winning support for the decision to withdraw from the treaty and to sustain the multi-billion dollar annual price tag for developing, deploying, and expanding strategic missile defenses. But 18 years after Washington abandoned the treaty, North Korea is the only rogue state that could pose a near-term nuclear threat against the American homeland - and U.S. missile defense interceptors and radars have not even delivered high confidence of being able to protect against this threat. In his latest publication, Deep Cuts Commissioner Greg Thielmann comprehensively analyses the current state of missile defense. Read the full Working Paper here

The Future of Nuclear Arms Control: Time for an Update

Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, arms control became an integral part of the global security architecture. However, in 2020, we live in a different reality. In her latest publication, Deep Cuts Commissioner Angela Kane together with Noah Mayhew criticise the fact, that arms control is still oriented to realities of the past. They press for an update: new global challenges, in particular quickly evolving geopolitical realities and emerging technologies, have to be addressed. Furthermore, the silos in the debate on arms control need to be overcome. Read the full report here

German Politicians Renew Nuclear Basing Debate

A senior member of the German Parliament has revitalized the debate over whether the nation should host U.S. nuclear weapons on German soil. “It is about time that Germany in the future excludes the deployment” of nuclear weapons on its territory, said Rolf Mützenich, the leader of the Social Democrat (SPD) group in the Bundestag. The discussion followed a mid-April decision by the Defense Ministry to replace Germany’s current fleet of Tornado aircraft, some of which are dual-capable with 90 Eurofighter Typhoon and 45 U.S. F-18 fighter aircraft. Thirty of the F-18s would be certified to carry U.S. nuclear weapons. Read Deep Cuts Commissioner Oliver Meier's latest publication on this debate here

U.S.-Russia Talks on New START

Delegations from the United States and the Russian Federation met in Vienna on Monday, 22 June 2020, to discuss issues of strategic stability, in particular the possibility of extending the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START). Watch the interviews with Deep Cuts Commissioner Angela Kane on the U.S.-Russia talks in Vienna here and here

Russia’s Document on Basic Principles of Nuclear Deterrence

What does Russia's new document on nuclear deterrence say about how it thinks about the ultimate weapon? Does Russia have a policy of escalate to de-escalate? Aditya Ramnathan and Pranav RS talk to Deep Cuts Commissioner Olya Oliker to find out more. Listen to the full podcast here

NATO’s nuclear response to the INF Treaty violation

Russia’s violation and the subsequent demise of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty have been giving, over the past few years, further impetus to NATO’s readjustment of its deterrence and defence posture. NATO’s nuclear response to Russia’s INF violations could comprise four measures: exercises, raised  readiness  levels,  modernization  of   the  dual-capable  aircraft  force  structure,  and  deployment of  new US nuclear systems. Deep Cuts Commissioner Katarzyna Kubiak analyses NATO’s nuclear response to the INF Treaty violation in her contribution to the NDC Research Paper "Recalibrating NATO Nuclear Policy". Read the full paper here

Liability or asset? The EU and nuclear weapons

With Russia’s annexation of Crimea and increased uncertainty about Washington’s security commitments, EU nuclear deterrence has reappeared on the political agenda. In his latest publication, Deep Cuts Commissioner Oliver Meier analyses the prospects for such a proposal in the Clingendael Spectator. Does the EU need its own nuclear deterrent? And what would be the implications for the EU and its role in global affairs? Read more here

Is U.S. policy toward Moscow too confrontational?

For years, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s aggressive actions abroad have generated headlines and given him an outsized reputation as an international player. He has invaded Ukraine, changed de facto international borders, and flouted international law. U.S. officials and lawmakers have imposed sanctions and taken other measures, but Russian behavior has not changed. Is U.S. policy toward Moscow too confrontational? Is there a better way for the international community to deal with the challenges posed by Putin and Russia? Deep Cuts Commissioner Steven Pifer participated in a two-vs-two debate, watch the discussion here