The INF Quandary: Preventing a Nuclear Arms Race in Europe. Perspectives from the US, Russia and Germany

The INF Treaty, signed by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Communist Party General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987, was a profound achievement. It was the first bilateral nuclear arms control treaty to ban an entire class of weapons. It contained verification innovations such as continuous perimeter-portal monitoring. Most importantly, the INF Treaty reversed dangerous military trends in Europe that had left both sides less secure han they had been before such systems were deployed. Now, the treaty faces an existential threat posed by compliance issues that have prompted a U.S. decision to withdraw from it unless its concerns are allayed.

What last-minute efforts are possible to save the INF Treaty? If the INF Treaty cannot be saved, what does that mean for your country/region in the coming years? Could there be some sort of INF follow-on? What could a future arms control framework look like? Read the latest article by Ulrich Kühn, William H. Tobey and Pavel S. Zolotarev here